Viridian Organic Dandelion Root Tincture 50ml

Viridian Organic Dandelion Root Tincture 50ml

  • £15.55


What is Dandelion Tincture?

Organic Dandelion Tincture is a new addition to the comprehensive tincture portfolio available from Viridian Nutrition.  Dandelion is a traditional bitter herb and is commonly consumed throughout the Northern Hemisphere.  Every part of the plant has uses in traditional medicinal practices, however dandelion root has shown to support bile and digestion.


  • Taraxacum officinale was originally nicknamed ‘Dandelion’ transpired from the French ‘Dente de lion’ meaning the tooth of the lion as a descriptor for the shape of the Dandelion leaf. Dandelion is a perennial herb and member of the Asteraceae plant family that grows throughout the Northern Hemisphere often used in salads or as a digestive bitter prior to a meal.

  • Traditional use saw the popular utilisation of each part of the plant; the leaf, root and flower. The uses of the root are documented in USA, Venezuela, Peru, Colombia, Bosnia and Herzegovina besides Portugal, and India 1. The German physician and botanist Leonhard Fuchs (1543) described its use, among others, to medicate gout, diarrhea, blister, spleen and liver complaints. The utilization of dandelion in liver complaints was largely based on the Doctrine of Signatures 3. Further traditional use included gallbladder health (root and leaf), macular health (flower) and kidney health (root and leaf).

  • Dandelion root is rich in potassium, leading to a further nickname for Dandelion as ‘piss en lit’ meaning wet the bed! An increase in potassium produces an increased need for urination. Interestingly, Health Canada recognizes the strength of the diuretic effect from dandelion, so much so that it is a permitted health claim 2.

  • Traditionally, dandelion was used to treat jaundice, liver complaints and gallbladder complaints, besides its use as a remedy to counteract water retention. The roots were considered to be specific in treating the liver and gallbladder.

  • The constituents of dandelion are primarily terpenoid and sterol bitter principles, namely; taraxacin and taraxacerin, equally distributed in the roots, leaves, and flowers. Other terpene and sterol compounds include beta-amyrin, taraxasterol and taraxerol, as well as free sterols; sitosterin, stigmasterin, and phytosterin which are structurally related to bile. Dandelion contains a large quantity of polysaccharides (primarily fructosans and inulin), smaller amounts of pectin, resin, and mucilage, plus various flavonoids 3. Hydroxycinnamic acids, chicoric acid, mono-caffeyl-tartaric acid, and chlorogenic acid are found throughout the plant 3 4. Dandelion is a rich source of a variety of vitamins and minerals, including beta carotene, carotenoids, xanthophylls, chlorophyll, vitamins C and D, and many of the B-complex vitamins besides choline, iron, silicon, magnesium, sodium, potassium, zinc, manganese, copper and phosphorous.

    What is Dandelion used for?

  • Clinical trials show dandelion root efficacy in addressing free radicals, reactive oxygen species and the resulting oxidative damage besides interrupting inflammatory signaling. Oxidative stress is closely linked to inflammation and this relationship is reflected in all chronic disease states.

  • ANTIOXIDANT

  • An in-vitro study investigated the effect of a water extraction of dandelion on human epithelial cells (blood vessel cells). The antioxidant activity was measured in rutin equivalents; rutin is a potent flavonoid, subsequently dandelion root extract demonstrated a noteworthy anti-oxidant potential 5. Supporting evidence suggests that the high chicoric acid content is the major contributor to the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effect exerted from dandelion extract 5.

  • Another in-vitro experimental study investigated the effects of Dandelion root extract on liver cells exposed to alcohol- induced oxidative stress. Cells were split into 2 groups, those that were untreated and those that underwent a treatment of dandelion root extract. In the pretreated cells just a 2% decrease in cell viability was recorded after the introduction of ethanol, however the untreated cells experienced a 39% decrease in cell viability; a marker of functional damage. These findings infer a potential liver protective effect against alcohol induced oxidative damage to liver cells. A secondary element of the study investigated the effect of dandelion root extract on the generation of reactive oxygen species. All cells were treated with ethanol to induce reactive oxygen species, upon which half the cells were further treated with dandelion root extract while the remaining cells were left untreated. It was observed that the dandelion root extract treated cells saw a reduction of approximately 25% in the generation of reactive oxygen species.

 

Liver cells were either pretreated with dandelion extract or no treatment then oxidative stress was induced using alcohol.

Dandelion Root Extract

 

An interesting in-vitro study investigated the effect of polysaccharides from Dandelion Root Extract on acetaminophen (paracetamol) induced oxidative damaged liver cells. A pretreatment of dandelion root extract or no treatment was applied to the liver cells before undergoing acetaminophen-induced oxidative damage, it was observed that the Dandelion root extract pretreated liver cells exhibited a significantly alleviation of damage. Secondary outcomes were to measure serum aspartate aminotransferases (AST) (markers of liver damage), glutathione (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) (anti-oxidant enzymes) in response to acetaminophen induced oxidative stress. It was observed that the dandelion root extract pretreated cells experienced a significantly reduced generation of AST compared to the damage incurred on the untreated cells, subsequently, this signifies a reduced risk of oxidative damage from paracetamol use on the liver. While total SOD, CAT and GPx activity were significantly decreased in the acetaminophen treated cells pretreated with dandelion root extract by 57.2%, 43.4% and 33.1%, respectively when compared to the untreated control cells. Finally, reactive oxygen species generation was measured, it was observed that in the dandelion root extract pretreated cells ROS generation was significantly decreased when compared to the untreated control cells .

  • Other investigators have reported an anti-oxidant effect attributable to luteolin and luteolin-7-O-glucoside in dandelion .

  • ANTI-MICROBIAL

  • Plants are often known to have anti-microbial effects, and this is plausible that they should have an innate protective capacity. The transfer of such benefits is of interest to human health and subsequently plants rich in polyphenols are well known for their protective effects.

  • Microbiology specialist researchers at the Second People’s Hospital of Lianyungang investigated the anti-microbial effects of dandelion oligosaccharides. The yield of oligosaccharides from dandelion were 25%, signifying dandelion root as a rich source of prebiotics. The anti-microbial activity of dandelion was determined against the common pathogens; Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The anti-microbial activity was measured by the size of the inhibition zone within the petri dish of the pathogen under investigation; specifically, 12.04mm, 16.15mm and 13.21mm for B. subtilis, S. aureus and E. coli respectively, which indicated high anti-microbial activity.


  • MICROBIOME MODULATION

  • A balanced and diverse bacterial environment in the gastrointestinal tract is suggested to be optimal, subsequently modulation of the viable bacteria, often termed ‘good’ bacteria is desirable.

  • An infusion of dandelion root (Taraxacum officinale) stimulated in-vitro growth of 14 strains of Bifidobacterium. The strains were sampled from fermented milk and human source and cultured. Upon the addition of the dandelion root infusion all 14 bifidobacterium strains sustained a maintenance in growth, however 6 strains were observed to achieve a statistically significant increase in growth, these were; Bifidobacteria adolescentis 1, Bifidobacteria adolescentis 2, Bifidobacteria bifidum 1, Bifidobacteria catenulatum, Bifidobacteria longum 2, Bifidobacteria longum 5 and Bifidobacteria psuedolongum. Subsequently, Bifidobacteria strains constitute a major part of the microbiome and have shown in research to exert considerable health benefits to the host.

  • DIURETIC: Studies reported a comparable diuretic effect of dandelion against diuretic medication the 70’s. This effect is attributed to the potassium content of the plant 3.

  • CHOLERETIC

  • Choleretic activity is bile promoting and traditional use saw the roots bitter constituents as a digestive remedy and a mild laxative. The only reports on investigations into the choleretic efficacy available in the literature date back to the 1930s and late 1950s that reported an approximately 40% increase in bile secretion through administration of dandelion extract.

    Ingredients

    Water
    Organic Alcohol (25%)
    Fresh Organic Dandelion Root Extract

    Each 1ml provides the equivalent to 470mg of fresh whole root.

    Directions: 15-30 drops taken 2-3 times daily, or as recommended by your healthcare professional.